O.E.losian “be lost, perish,” from los “destruction, loss,” from P.Gmc. *lausa (cf. O.N. los “the breaking up of an army”), from PIE base *leu– “to loosen, divide, cut apart, untie, separate” (cf. Skt. lunati “cuts, cuts off,” lavitram “sickle;” Gk. lyein “to loosen, untie, slacken,” lysus “a loosening;” L. luere “to loose, release, atone for”). Replaced related leosan (a class II strong verb whose pp. loren survives in forlorn and love-lorn), from P.Gmc. *leusanan (cf. O.H.G. virliosan, Ger. verlieren, O.Fris. urliasa, Goth. fraliusan “to lose”). Transitive sense of “to part with accidentally” is from c.1205. Meaning “to be defeated” (in a game, etc.) is from c.1533. To lose (one’s) mind “become insane” is attested from c.1500. To lose out “fail” is 1858, Amer.Eng.
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• By Philippe Theophanidis on July 7, 2008 ― Published in Philosophie | Tagged: appart, break, cut, dictionary, divide, entry, etymology, fail, insane, loosen, lose, Lost, mind, perish, separate, slacken, untie